Four problems that biases help us address:
Problem 1: Too much information.
Problem 2: Not enough meaning.
Problem 3: Need to act fast.
Problem 4: What should we remember?-Buster Benson, “Cognitive bias cheat sheet.” Medium.com. September 1, 2016.
Recommend reading this in its entirety, but at minimum, it is worth a click through and scroll to the bottom to see the graphic. You can also purchase a poster of the cheat sheet.